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Healthy babies from breastfeeding 嬰兒健康由母乳開始

(added on 2010/08/02)

©2010 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: UNICEF & World Health Organization (WHO)
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group


Since 1992, the first week of August (1-7 Aug) has been proclaimed World Breastfeeding Week by the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA). World Breastfeeding Week 2010 calls for the implementation of "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" (Details at the official website http://worldbreastfeedingweek.org) by health facilities for improving breastfeeding rates.

Zooming in Asia, the map shows the percentage of children receiving exclusive breastfeeding as their source of food in the first six months of birth. Depicted by graduated colours, eastern Asian countries, like Mongolia, China and North Korea, are achieving higher rate of exclusive breastfeeding as compared with the countries in western Asia. Possible factors contributing to the difference among countries include social and cultural perception of breastfeeding, level of support for mothers from doctors and their husband, knowledge of breastfeeding and the status of women. Data were obtained from an UNICEF report published in 2009 and World Health Organisation.

每年八月第一個星期(八月一至七日) ,是國際母乳哺育行動聯盟(WABA)訂定的世界母乳周。二零一零年世界母乳周活動的其中一個重點,是推廣餵哺母乳十大步驟,旨在促進衛生設施提升純母乳哺育率 (詳情參閱官方網站http://worldbreastfeedingweek.org) 。


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Breastfeeding 母乳餵哺

Breast milk contains appropriate amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and vitamins, which babies need every day, in addition to hormones and antibodies from the mother. Thus, breast milk not only provides infants with energy and nutrients for healthy growth and development, but also protects them against infections and chronic diseases. Initiation of breastfeeding within an hour of life and exclusive breastfeeding up to six months of age, followed by complementary feeding till at least two years after birth are recommended by World Health Organization. However, for HIV-infected mothers, breastfeeding is not encouraged as it can transmit the virus to their child.

母乳是嬰兒天然的食物,含有適量的碳水化合物、蛋白質、脂肪及維他命以供其每日所需,而母親的激素及抗體也可在母乳中找到。因此,母乳除了能提供營養及能量,以助嬰兒的健康發育成長外,還可防止他們患上傳染病及慢性疾病。 世界衛生組織建議,母親應於嬰兒出生後首個小時進行母乳餵哺及堅持用純母乳餵養嬰兒六個月,接著以母乳及適當的補充食品餵養幼兒至兩歲或以上。不過,由於愛滋病病毒能透過母乳傳染給嬰孩,所以受感染的母親並不適宜進行母乳餵哺。

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