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New peak for Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease 2010 手足口病2010再創高峰

(added on 2010/08/16)

©2010 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, HKSAR
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group


The number of reported Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) institutional outbreaks in Hong Kong in the first seven months in 2010 has exceeded the annual record in the past decade. HFMD activity peaked in June and declined afterwards.

The map shows the distribution of institutional outbreaks of HFMD in Hong Kong in June and July, 2010. As depicted by graduated colours, a very high percentage of institutions in Wong Tai Sin in the heart of Hong Kong reported outbreaks. Only a relatively small proportion of institutions in Yuen Long, Tuen Mun, Tai Po and Islands had experienced outbreaks . The bar charts show the type and number of institutions with HFMD outbreaks by district. Child care centres and kindergartens accounted for 66% of all outbreaks. The spatial distribution of the outbreaks differs somewhat from that of 2008.

Data were compiled from the daily reports of the Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health of Hong Kong.




Related Article

Hand, foot and mouth disease 手足口病

What is Hand, foot and mouth disease? 什麼是手足口病?

  • Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) occurs commonly in infants and children. It is an infection caused by a group of viruses called enteroviruses. Of these Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a common causative agent, alongside other viruses like Coxsackie virus A. Patients with HFMD present with fever, blister-like eruptions in the mouth and/or a skin rash. Complications arising from HFMD are rare though occasional fatal cases related to EV71 infection have been reported. EV71 infection is associated with a higher incidence of neurological complications including encephalitis.
  • 手足口病是一種常見於幼兒及小童的過濾性病毒感染,通常由腸道病毒所引起。常見的致病原包括腸病毒71型和甲型coxsackie病毒。病者一般出現發燒、口腔呈水疱狀的潰瘍,以及皮疹。手足口病所引起的併發症並不常見,但致命個案偶然發生。腸病毒71型相關手足口病引起的神經系統併發症發病率較高,可以導致腦炎。

How does it spread? 如何傳播?

  • HFMD is spread from person to person by direct contact with infectious virus. Infectious virus is found in nose and throat secretions, saliva, exudate from blisters, and stool of infected persons.
  • 手足口病的致病病毒是經人傳人,通過直接接觸而傳播。具傳染性的病毒生長於患者的鼻及喉嚨分泌物內、口水、水疱的液體及大便中。

Vaccine? Prevention? 如何預防?

  • Currently there is no vaccine available for HFMD. Good personal hygiene practices including hand washing can lower the chance of infection. Good environmental hygiene such as cleaning of contaminated surface, toys, soiled items and well ventilated environment can help to reduce the chance of transmission.
  • 現時還未有預防手足口病的疫苗。良好個人衛生習慣如勤洗手能減低感染的機會,而保持環境衛生如徹底清潔被沾污玩具的表面及保持空氣流通亦有助減低手足口病傳播的風險。

Related maps 相關地圖

Other resources 其他資訊

Organisations 有關機構

Further information 詳細資料

  • Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD), CDC
  • Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, Medline Plus
  • Enteroviruses, non poilo, WHO