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TB in Asia 亞洲的結核病

(added on 2008/11/07)

©2007 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: World Health Organisation
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group


Tuberculosis (TB) has continued to be an important public health problem around the world. The map shows the reported number of new and relapse cases in Asian countries, using data deposited with the World Health Organisation. Countries coloured purple (including China) have a larger TB population. The yellow areas are supposed to be having a lower number of cases. The patterns should be interpreted with caution, as a higher number may reflect a better reporting system while a lower number could be a result of poor reporting.


Related Article

Tuberculosis 結核病

What is Tuberculosis? 什麼是結核病?

  • Tuberculosis, or TB, is a bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs.
  • In healthy people, infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis often causes no symptom, since the person’s immune system acts to “wall off” the bacteria. The symptoms of active TB of the lungs are cough, sometimes with sputum or blood, chest pain, general weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats. Tuberculosis is normally treated with a six to nine-month course of antibiotics.
  • 結核病是由一種名為結核桿菌的細菌所引起的傳染病,通常影響肺部。
  • 受結核桿菌感染的病人,部份因本身的免疫系統發揮作用而不會有任何病癥。而活躍肺結核病的病癥則包括咳嗽,痰涎中帶血、胸口痛、疲倦、體重下降、發燒、夜間冒汗等。結核病者一般需要接受為期六至九個月的抗生素療程治療。

How does it spread? 如何傳播?

  • TB is transmitted from person to person via droplets from the throat and lungs of people with the active respiratory infection.
  • 結核病是經患者呼吸系統產生的飛沫於空氣中人傳人感染的。

Vaccine? 疫苗?

  • BCG, or bacillus Calmette-Guérin, is a vaccine for tuberculosis disease. In Hong Kong, all the new born babies receive BCG vaccine as a part of the childhood immunisation programme. Vaccination does not guarantee protection.
  • 卡介苗是用以預防結核病的一種疫苗。每一個香港新生嬰兒需要接受一系列免疫接種,當中包括卡介苗注射。接種卡介苗並不保證不受結核桿菌感染。

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