Story maps
故事地圖

What is Nipah virus? 什麼是尼帕病毒?

Nipah virus infection is a zoonosis, a term referring to conditions caused by microorganisms transmissible between animals and humans. Its incubation period usually ranges from 4 to 14 days. However, the longest incubation period can be as long as 45 days.

Nipah virus infected persons could present with fever, headache, and muscle ache. Neurological features like drowsiness, disorientation and mental confusion my occur. Such symptoms and signs may persist for 3-14 days. In serious cases, progression to coma may occur within 24-28 hours following symptom onset. The mortality rate is between 40% and 75%.

尼帕病毒感染是一種人畜共患疾病。該病毒潛伏期一般為4至14天,但最長可達45天。

尼帕病毒感染患者初時會有發燒、頭痛、肌肉疼痛。部份病者有嗜睡、迷失方向和意識混亂等神經症狀,一般持續3至14天。這些徵狀有機會在24至48小時內進展至昏迷 。尼帕病毒感染的死亡率為40%至75%之間。

How does it spread? 如何傳播?
Fruit bat is the natural host and vector of the Nipah virus. People who have direct contact with infected animals (e.g. pigs) or body fluid of infected people, have eaten or drunk contaminated food (e.g. raw date palm sap) are at risk of infection.

果蝠是尼帕病毒的天然宿主及傳播媒介。人若接觸已受尼帕病毒感染的動物(如豬隻)或病人的體液、吃或飲用一些受果蝠污染的食品(如椰棗原汁)就會有感染機會。

Prevention? 如何預防?
There is no vaccine for the Nipah virus so far. To reduce infection risk:
Do not contact bats and sick pigs.
Do not eat food which might have been bitten by bats
Avoid drinking raw date palm sap.
Wear proper protective clothing when coming into direct contact with infected animals (sick pigs) or people.

現時暫時未有預防尼帕病毒疫苗。可以透過這些預防措施去減低感染的風險:
不要接觸蝙蝠及有病的豬隻。
當懷疑食物被果蝠咬過,請不要食用。
避免飲椰棗原汁。
如需接觸受到感染的動物(如豬隻)或受感染的病人時,應該穿上適當的保護衣物。

Back