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故事地圖



(added on 2011/09/21)

Life without enough food 沒有足夠食物的日子

©2011 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: FEWS NET, UNOCHA & UNHCR
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Since 20th July 2011, United Nations has declared famine in six regions in Somalia, as a result of prolonged drought after the rainy season in the preceding year. The map shows the estimated food security in September, 2011 and humanitarian responses in the Horn of Africa.

As depicted by graduated colours, southern Somalia is facing the most severe food insecurity. The food security in other areas in the Horn of Africa is also in crisis or emergency. Unfortunately, humanitarian access is limited in southern Somalia and eastern Ethiopia due to conflicts. More than 200,000 Somalis have fled to refugee camps in Kenya or Ethiopia, which are located next to the border of Somalia, for medical care, food, safe water and other necessities since January 2011. Prevention of infectious diseases such as measles and malaria poses a significant public health challenge in over-crowded refugee camps.

Data for the map were obtained from Famine Early Warning Systems Network, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and High Commissioner for Refugees.

2010年雨季後,東非各國持續乾旱,以致農作物失收及糧食供應緊張。自2011年7月20日起,索馬里六個地區已先後被聯合國宣佈進入饑荒狀態。地圖顯示九月份非洲之角各國的糧食安全情況及相應的人道救援措施。

依圖中顏色所示,索馬里南部正面臨最嚴峻的糧食問題,而非洲之角內大部分地區的糧食安全亦出現危機或正處於緊急狀態。可是,基於政局不穩及內戰持續,部分地區如索馬里南部和埃塞俄比亞東部等只能進行有限度的人道救援工作。自2011年起,已有超過二十萬難民逃離索馬里,抵達與肯亞或埃塞俄比亞邊境接壤的難民營尋求醫療、糧食、食水及一些必需品的援助。與此同時,防止如麻疹及瘧疾等傳染病在擠滿難民的營地內散播極其重要,並已成為公共衛生的重大挑戰。

地圖資料源自饑荒預警系統網絡、聯合國人道主義事務協調廳及聯合國難民署。