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(updated on 2013/06/10)

No substitute for substitution 不能取代的代用治療

©2010 SpatioEpi.com
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Methadone has long been proven to be an effective substitution medicine for treating heroin (or other opiate) dependence. Worldwide, good population coverage of substitution treatment protects societies from HIV transmission through injection drug use. Map shows the number of substitution treatment clients in European countries, against the corresponding opiate users population. Methadone is the commonest substitution medicine which was first introduced over 40 years ago. It has become available only very recently in a few countries. Whereas countries with a higher opiate users population generally have more drug users on substitution, the association is not a directly proportional one. Sustained effort is crucial in maintaining good coverage of methadone treatment in order to achieve effective harm reduction. Data sources for the map are: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, World Drug Report 2010

美沙酮是有效的代用藥物,是治療海洛英及相關毒癮不可或缺的方法。在世界各地,高覆蓋的代用治療服務可以確保愛滋病毒不會經過吸毒者社群而擴散。地圖顯示歐洲代用治療覆蓋情況,當中餅圖代表各國接受代用治療人數,而背景顏色則是吸毒人數。在大部份歐洲國家,美沙酮是主要的代用藥物。代用治療在上世紀六十年代首先在一些國家推行,而部份國家在四十年後才引進。一般而言,吸毒人數高的地方同時較多人接受代用治療服務,但兩者關系並非成正比。要有效減低毒品禍害,必須系統地長時間推行高覆蓋的代用治療。地圖資料源自歐洲濫用藥物監察中心、聯合國毒品和犯罪問題辦公室《2010年世界毒品報告》。