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(added on 2008/11/07)

Declining but not dying 放緩不代表受控

©2007 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Central Registry of Drug Abuse
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Heroin addiction is the prototype of drug abuse. As both a public security and public health problem, heroin addiction poses a major challenge to national governments around the world. A significant proportion of HIV infection worldwide have been caused by needle sharing in heroin users. In Hong Kong, heroin addiction has been on the decline in the past decade. Prevalence data from Central Registry of Drug Abuse shows the decline in all districts from 1996 through 2000 to 2005. Almost all heroin users are male as shown by pie charts in each district. Despite the decline, some districts do show a persistently higher level compared to neigbouring areas. In the new towns, the decline is not as marked. The spatial heterogeneity of heroin addiction suggests that locally relevant intervention programmes would be needed to minimise harm caused to the society.

吸毒是各國政府共同面對的困難,挑戰公共衛生和公眾治安,而吸食海洛英是其中的重點。海洛英使用者共用針具,更是導致全球愛滋病毒擴散的一個主因。過去十年,香港的吸食海洛英問題逐漸減輕。藥物濫用資料中央檔案室數據顯示:一九九六、二零零零、及二零零五年間各區吸毒率持績下降。大部份吸毒者是男性,一些區域的問題比其它嚴重,而新市鎮的吸毒率下降並不明顯。圖示吸毒的地區分佈並不平均,因此在推廣干預措施時必須參考地區特癥,才能有效減低毒品對社會帶來的禍害。