Data source: Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group
This map shows the global distribution of potato production (in tonnes). The biggest potato producer in the world during 2007 is China, followed by Russia and India.
Potato has a long history in human society and it grows almost anywhere. It has probably originated in the Andes in South America. Most of the wild and cultivated species are from Peru.
The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum. Potato is rich in starch and is one of the most important food crops. It also contains multiple minerals and vitamins.
Potato can also grow in relatively harsh condition compared to other major crops. It is therefore ideal for developing countries, where land and resources are limited. It is recommended as food security crop that can help low-income farmers and consumers.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) stated that: "Food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life." (FAO)
Poverty is a major cause of food insecurity. In developing countries, there are more than 800 million people throughout the world who do not have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs. This can be due to insufficient household/ national income to purchase food, instability of supply and demand, as well as man-made and natural disasters.
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