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Influenza can be serious 流感可不簡單

(added on 2010/12/22)

©2010 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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To many people, influenza may just be a minor ailment. Caused by the influenza virus, infected individuals may require hospitalization if the condition is severe. Elderly people are particularly susceptible to severe influenza because of weakened immunity. The map shows the distribution of influenza cases admitted to a district hospital between March and November 2010 in Hong Kong. The dots and circles represent the resident location of influenza patients requiring hospitalization. People at or above the age of 65 people accounted for a majority of the influenza patients, many of which were residents of elderly homes (house symbols). It is not uncommon to find multiple patients (circles) in the same elderly home, which may be a result of cross infection. Yearly vaccination is an important means of protecting old people from severe influenza diseases. Data used in this map were obtained from a study conducted at the Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital in Tai Po District in the North East of Hong Kong.

流感是由病毒引起的傳染病,對很多人來說祇是偶發的小毛病。由於免疫力減弱,長者感染流感情況可以十分嚴重,可能需要在醫院接受治療。地圖顯示2010年3月至11月期間, 香港一間地區醫院的住院流感病人分佈,圖中圖點和圖圈代表病人居住地點,65歲或以上的長者佔了總數的大部分,不少來自老人院舍(屋形標記)。同一院舍往往有不祇一名長者患病入院,部份可能和交叉感染有關。明顯地,每年為長者注射疫苗至為重要,可以減低患病入院的人數。地圖數據源自大埔那打素醫院的一項研究,該院位於香港東北。

Related Article

Human influenza 人類流感

Influenza is a respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus, different forms of which are normally circulating in not just human beings but pigs and birds. All influenza viruses are divided into A, B and C, and further distinguished by their H and N antigens. There are currently 16 H (standing for haemaglutinin) and 9 N (standing for neuraminidase) antigens. The novel swine flu discovered in 2009 has probably originated from pigs and is classified as Influenza A (H1N1). The genetic structure of the novel swine flu contains segments from pig, bird and human, reflecting the occurrence of reassortment. Studies suggested a case fatality rate of 0.4% for the novel infection, and a higher tendency for causing disease in young people compared to seasonal flu.

流感是指『流感病毒』引起的呼吸道傳染病,所影響的不單是人,也包括豬和禽鳥。『流感病毒』分甲、乙、丙三個主要類型,又以H(血凝素)和N(神經氨酸酶)基因作更仔細的分類,而現時已知的共有十六種H和九種N基因。二零零九年新發現的人類豬型流感病毒屬於甲型H1N1類型,相信源頭來自豬隻。新病毒包含了人、豬和禽鳥流感病毒基因,反映了基因重組現象。研究顯示,新流感的死亡率約百份之零點四。而相對於季節性流感,新流感對年青人的致病機會相對較高。


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