Data source: World Health Organization (WHO) & UNAIDS
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important in prolonging life and reducing complications in patients with HIV infection. This applies to any country and Africa is no exception. As depicted by graduated colours, Botswana and Rwanda have achieved the target of universal access by providing more than 80% of the patients in need with ART. However, the estimated ART coverage has remained below 50% in most other African countries.
In the same map, the cross symbol shows the accessibility to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for vulnerable subpopulations in 2010. As reported by the government and civil society of each country, obstacles in form of laws, regulations or policies are more common in Southern Africa, where more efforts are required before universal access can be achieved. This in fact is the theme of World AIDS Day 2010.
Data for the map is obtained from World Health Organization and UNAIDS.
What is HIV/ AIDS? 什麼是人類免疫力缺乏病毒感染/愛滋病?
How does HIV spread? 如何傳播？
Vaccine? Prevention? 如何預防？
Stigma and discrimination might make people living or associated with HIV and AIDS less likely to test for the infection, disclose one's HIV status, adopt HIV preventive measures or have access to treatment. They are therefore barriers to effective responses to HIV.
World AIDS Day falls on the 1st of December every year. For 2009-2010, the theme is "Universal Access and Human Rights", drawing global attention to human rights of people living with HIV and vulnerable population, mobilizing support for universal access of HIV prevention, treatment, care and support and combating stigma and discrimination.
Further information 詳細資料