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(updated on 2013/06/10)

Getting tested for HIV 愛滋自已知

©2009 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Hong Kong Department of Health
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART, or "cocktail therapy") is effective for improving immunity and reducing life-threatening complications in HIV infected individuals. Knowledge of one's HIV status is needed before treatment can be offered according to standard guidelines. HIV test is available not just at hospitals but also a range of community level services. In Hong Kong the latter includes Social Hygiene Clinics where sexually transmitted infections (STI) are diagnosed and treated, methadone clinics for heroin users (many of whom inject heroin), TB and Chest Clinics (TB is a common complications in HIV patient)…, Maternal and Child Health Centres (for pregnant women, who, if HIV diagnosed, can be offered antiretroviral drugs to prevent infection in newborns), and the many outreach community services run by non-governmental organizations (NGO). The distribution of these sites is shown in this map. Or, one may dial the AIDS Hotline 27802211 for an HIV testing and counseling appointment.

現今治療愛滋病毒感染的標準,是處方抗病毒藥物,亦即俗稱雞尾酒療法,有效減低發病機會和增強免疫力。感染者必須透過驗血檢查,確診後根據標準指引接受治療。現時在香港提供愛滋病毒抗體測試的除了各大醫院外,還包括專門診斷和治療性病的社會衛生科診所、服務吸毒者(當中注射海洛英的佔數不少)的美沙酮診所、治療肺結核的政府胸肺科診所(結核是愛滋病毒感染的重要并發症)……還有母嬰健康院(受感染母親接受抗病毒藥物可減低嬰兒感染機會)和各個從事外展工作的社區組織。地圖顯示這些測試點的分佈。如果懷疑自已感染愛治病病毒,亦可以撥熱線27802211安排輔導和測試。