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Acute Hepatitis B, C in Taiwan 台灣的急性乙型及丙型肝炎

(added on 2009/04/07)

©2009 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: CDC, Taiwan.
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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The map shows the distribution of reported acute cases of hepatitis B and C in Taiwan in 2007. For acute hepatitis B, Taipei County had the highest number of cases, 45, followed by Taipei City, 31 and Taoyuen County, 30 cases. For acute hepatitis C, the highest number reported was in Taipei County, 25, followed by Taichung City, 22, and Taipei City, 21 cases.

The prevalence of hepatitis B and C in the general population varies considerably. In Taiwan the hepatitis B carrier rate exceeds 10%, while that of hepatitis C is around 2-5%. With the introduction of universal hepatitis B vaccination, acute hepatitis B is becoming uncommon. On the other hand, hepatitis C has resulted from contaminated transfusion in the past. The current reported numbers may refer to those of injection drug users who are diagnosed with the infection because of needle-sharing. The two sets of reporting figures look similar but bear different meanings.

圖示二零零七年台灣急性乙型及丙型肝炎的呈報個案分佈。乙型肝炎方面,台北縣的呈報數字最高,達四十五宗,其次是台北市,三十一宗及桃園縣,三十宗。至於丙型肝炎,台北縣錄得最高呈報個案數字,達二十五宗,台中市,二十二宗及台北市,二十一宗。

乙型及丙型在人口流行程度有相當明顯的分別。在台灣,乙型肝炎帶原率多於10%,而丙型肝炎帶原率大約是2-5%。自從廣泛引入乙型肝炎疫苗接種後,急性乙型肝炎也不太常見。丙型肝炎以往曾因輸入不潔血液所致,近期的呈報個案數字則可能是指靜脈吸毒者,由於共用針筒而感染病毒。兩者的報告數據看似相同但含有不同的意義。

Related Article

Hepatitis B 乙型肝炎

For Hepatitis C, please click here.
丙型肝炎資訊,請按此

What is Hepatitis B? 什麼是乙型肝炎?

  • Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Acute infection can be asymptomatic, though rare cases of fulminant hepatitis may also occur. Over 90% of adults recover completely from HBV infection and do not become chronically infected, but children who have HBV infection are more likely to become a chronic carrier.

  • 乙型肝炎是病毒性肝炎之一,由乙型肝炎病毒引起。急性感染者可以全無癥狀,但偶然發生罕見致命的嚴重肝炎 。一般而言受乙型肝炎病毒感染的成人中大約九成以上完全痊癒,並不會成為帶原者 。但若然兒童受乙型肝炎病毒感染的話,復康後成為帶原者機會較高。

How does it spread? 如何傳播?

  • The routes of Hepatitis B transmission are: Blood contact, perinatal transmission and sexual contact.

  • 乙型肝炎可以經血液、母嬰感染及性接觸傳播的疾病。

Vaccine? 疫苗?

  • A complete course of hepatitis B vaccination normally takes a total of three injections. The second dose is normally given one month after the first one, and the third dose is given 5 months after the second one.

  • 乙型肝炎疫苗一般需要注射三次,第一和第二次相隔一個月,第二和第三次注 射之間相隔五個月。


Related maps 相關地圖

Other resources 其他資訊

Other resources 其他資訊

Organisations 有關機構

Further information 詳細資料

  • Viral hepatitis, CDC
  • Viral hepatitis, WHO