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(added on 2008/11/07)

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak in Hong Kong 香港手足口病感染爆發

©2008 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, HKSAR.
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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The virus EV71 is a common cause of HFMD. According to the Centre for Health Protection, the number of reported HFMD cases in Hong Kong in the first half of 2008 has exceeded the annual total in the past decade. Similar increases have also been reported in some parts of Mainland China and neighbouring regions. Using graduated symbols, the map shows the distribution of HFMD cases recorded in outbreaks during the period from 9 May to 19 June 2008. Occurring mostly in primary schools and nurseries, the outbreaks have affected predominantly children and infants. HFMD is different from an unrelated condition bearing a similar name, the Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), which is another contagious viral disease of cattle and swine.

現時腸病毒71型是引起手足口病的主要致病原。衛生防護中心指出,二零零八年到年中為止,本港手足口病個案已超越過去十年的每年呈報數目,而部分內地和鄰近地區亦有類似上升趨勢。圖示本港五月九日至六月十九日間爆發手足口病院舍所涉及的個案分佈。受影響的大都是小學及幼兒院,而病者大部份是小童和幼兒。由於名稱相似,手足口病經常因混淆而被誤為口蹄症,後者其實是一種在牛和豬中具有高度傳染性的另一病毒感染。