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(added on 2015/11/17)

Action to protect senior citizens from influenza 預防長者感染流感行動

©2015 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; Eurostat, the European Commission
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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In Europe, the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) recommended member states to develop policies and implement their own action plan on improving influenza vaccination coverage. The map shows if influenza vaccination action plans have been implemented, size of populations above age 65 and vaccination coverage among the senior citizens of European countries in the 2012-13 flu season.

Overall, the vaccination coverage rate of senior citizens reported in Europe varied widely across countries. Generally speaking, countries at higher ranking for their influenza vaccination action plan gave a higher vaccination coverage rate. United Kingdom, Netherlands and Ireland are good examples that illustrate such phenomenon as they gave a vaccination rate of over 50%. Italy and Sweden did not have any action plan but their vaccination coverage were high at 55% and 44% respectively.

Data for this map were obtained from reports of ECDC and Eurostat, the European Commission.

Remark 1: Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein are not member states of the European Union but they have completed surveys by ECDC.
Remark 2: Populations of age over 65 were assessed to measure vaccination rate of senior citizens in all countries except Malta (age 55), Germany, Iceland and the Netherlands (age 60).

為了增加季節性流行性感冒疫苗覆蓋率,歐洲傳染病疾控中心建議各國為此訂立策略,並開展行動增加疫苗覆蓋率。地圖顯示歐洲各國的疫苗行動實施情況,年齡65歲以上人口數量及於2012-13流感季節長者的疫苗覆蓋率。

報告顯示,歐洲長者疫苗覆蓋率的差距很大。經已推行疫苗注射行動計劃的國家大多錄得較高覆蓋率。英國、荷蘭及愛爾蘭是當中例子,普遍達到超過50%的覆蓋率。意大利及瑞典雖然沒有明確實施任何流感疫苗注射行動計劃,其覆蓋率也分別高達54%及44%。

地圖資料源自歐洲傳染病疾控中心及歐盟委員會歐洲統計局的相關報告書。

註一:挪威,冰島及列支敦士登並不是歐盟成員國。唯此三國衛生局有參與歐洲傳染病疾控中心之問卷。
註二:除了馬爾他(55歲),德國,冰島及荷蘭(60歲),其餘各國均以65歲用作長者疫苗覆蓋率統計。