(added on 2014/09/04)
The growing Ebola outbreaks 伊波拉持續爆發
Since March 2014, there has been an ongoing Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (caused by Ebola virus) outbreak in Guinea in West Africa. By the end of July, more than 600 cases have been reported, including at least 400 deaths, in the country. The neighbouring countries, Liberia and Sierra Leone, have had faster epidemic growth than Guinea. Liberia has recorded above 1300 confirmed and suspected cases, including 690+ deaths. Sierra Leone has recorded at least 1000 cases, of which more than 400 died. At the end of July, Nigeria has its first reported cases, and the number of was more than 10 with almost half of them died within 1 month. The graphs show the cumulative number of reported cases in each respective country since March 2014.
The map shows the home range of fruit bats (possible natural host of Ebola virus). The background colour of countries on the map highlights the places which had Ebola outbreaks before 2014, with pie charts showing the proportion of deceased cases whereas their sizes indicate the total number of reported cases in the respective time period. Ebola virus can be transmitted through direct contacts with blood, secretions, other body fluids and organs of infected animals or human. Infection control in health-care settings and personal preventive measures are essential for controlling the spread of this deadly infection.
Data for the map were extracted from WHO and CDC.