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(updated on 2015/08/13)

The new Middle Eastern concern 來自中東的新憂慮

Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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As of early May 2014, about 500 confirmed human cases of MERS-CoV infection have been notified to World Health Organization (WHO). These reports came from countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America, as reflected by the red star symbols on the inset map at right upper corner.

Nonetheless, MERS-CoV remains concentrated in Saudi Arabia in Middle East. The chart at the lower right corner shows the epidemic curve between April 2013 and early May 2014 in Saudi Arabia. In April 2014, the total number of reported cases rose above 160, a figure much higher than that in any preceding month.

Between January and early May 2014, 6 regions in Saudi Arabia have reported confirmed MERS-CoV cases, with the highest number in Makkah and Riyadh, as shown in the map. A proportion of confirmed cases had history of animal exposure (e.g. camel) in Ash Sharqiyah and Riyadh, while more than half in Tabuk and Al Madinah had contracted the virus through human contact. As shown in the chart, the proportion of reported cases from human-to-human transmission has increased, many of which occurring in health care settings, which is a cause for concern.

Data for the map were extracted from WHO and Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.



沙特阿拉伯於2014年1月至2014年5月初,共有6 個地區曾經有確診新型冠狀病毒個案發生,當中以麥加省及利雅得省最多(參閱地圖)。東部省及利雅得省有部份個案病發前曾經接觸過動物,如駱駝。塔布克省及麥地那省則有超過一半個案曾經接觸過確診人士。圖表亦顯示人傳人的情況正在增加,不少傳播是在醫療環境中發生,情況令人擔心。