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故事地圖



(updated on 2015/08/13)

The new Middle Eastern concern 來自中東的新憂慮

©2014 SpatioEpi.com
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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As of early May 2014, about 500 confirmed human cases of MERS-CoV infection have been notified to World Health Organization (WHO). These reports came from countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America, as reflected by the red star symbols on the inset map at right upper corner.

Nonetheless, MERS-CoV remains concentrated in Saudi Arabia in Middle East. The chart at the lower right corner shows the epidemic curve between April 2013 and early May 2014 in Saudi Arabia. In April 2014, the total number of reported cases rose above 160, a figure much higher than that in any preceding month.

Between January and early May 2014, 6 regions in Saudi Arabia have reported confirmed MERS-CoV cases, with the highest number in Makkah and Riyadh, as shown in the map. A proportion of confirmed cases had history of animal exposure (e.g. camel) in Ash Sharqiyah and Riyadh, while more than half in Tabuk and Al Madinah had contracted the virus through human contact. As shown in the chart, the proportion of reported cases from human-to-human transmission has increased, many of which occurring in health care settings, which is a cause for concern.

Data for the map were extracted from WHO and Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

截至2014年5月初,世界衛生組織已接獲大約500宗人類感染中東呼吸綜合症冠狀病毒(新型冠狀病毒)確診個案報告。感染個案經已涉足歐洲、亞洲、非洲及北美洲的國家(右上角小圖中有紅星標記)。

目前,新型冠狀病毒最主要肆虐的地方依然集中於中東沙特阿拉伯。右下角的圖表顯示沙特阿拉伯地區於2013年4月至2014年5月初的報告人數。2014年4月錄得超過160病例,比過往任何一個月為多。

沙特阿拉伯於2014年1月至2014年5月初,共有6 個地區曾經有確診新型冠狀病毒個案發生,當中以麥加省及利雅得省最多(參閱地圖)。東部省及利雅得省有部份個案病發前曾經接觸過動物,如駱駝。塔布克省及麥地那省則有超過一半個案曾經接觸過確診人士。圖表亦顯示人傳人的情況正在增加,不少傳播是在醫療環境中發生,情況令人擔心。

地圖資料源自世界衛生組織及沙特阿拉伯王國衛生部。