Story maps
故事地圖



(added on 2012/11/30)

World AIDS Day 2012 - More efforts on HIV treatment 更多關注於愛滋治療

©2012 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases

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While eradication of the causative virus for HIV/AIDS appears impossible, available treatment is very effective in restoring health and putting the infection under control. In the past, this form of treatment (also called highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART) was too expensive for a majority of patients.

The first map shows the distribution of published research reports on HAART in 2002, compared to that in 2012 (second map). There was a 26% increase in number from 916 to 1150, and 60% increase in spatial coverage. While USA and Europe continue to dominate the research field in the last decade, there have been increased efforts from Africa and South East Asia. In China, there was one report in 2002, rising to 28 in 2012. Recent research has shown that effective HAART can reduce HIV transmission. More efforts are needed to not just provide treatment but also optimize treatment in each country, so as to achieve maximum effectiveness.

Data for the maps were derived from search results at Pubmed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) using the following keywords - HAART or cART - with the exclusion of review articles, for year 2002 and 2012.

到目前為止,還未有可以完全消滅愛滋病病毒的方案,可幸的是愛滋病治療對回復病者健康及控制愛滋病病毒感染的成效顯著。過去這類治療(即愛滋鷄尾酒治療法)對於大部份病人是十分昂貴。

第一幅圖顯示2002年曾出版關於愛滋病治療研究報告的空間分佈,而第二幅圖則是2012年的分佈。相較於2002 ,2012年的報告數目由916增至1150份,上升了百分之26 ,而所涉地區也增加了百分之60。 過去十年,當美國及歐洲仍然是這類研究的主導地,非洲及東南亞也顯著增加這方面的研究。中國的報告量,亦由2002年的1份增至2012年的28份。最近有研究顯示有效的治療能降低愛滋病病毒傳播的機會。由此可見,提供治療固然重要,但投放多些資源及努力於有關治療的研究也十分重要,將有助優化治療方案和影響成效。

圖中所用的數據是從文獻搜尋器 Pubmed(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) 以關鍵字HAART或cART 於2002 及 2012 年列表中衍生出來,文獻回顧不在計算之內。