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(added on 2012/08/24)

Hand, foot and mouth disease outbreaks over the years 這些年 我們爆發過的手足口病

©2012 SpatioEpi.com
Data source: Centre for Health Protection,
Department of Health, HKSAR
Map created by CUHK SpatioEpi Group

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Map shows the distribution of institutional outbreaks of HFMD in Hong Kong over a 7-year period from 2005 to 2011, with graduated colours representing the percentage of the total reports by district. The green circles, varying in size, indicate the total number of institutions in each of the 18 districts. It can be seen that the number of HFMD reported institutional outbreaks in Sha Tin and Kowloon City is significantly higher than other districts. Generally speaking, the greater the number of institutions in a district, the more institutional outbreaks have been reported.

The line charts show the yearly number of reported institutional outbreaks from child care centres and kindergartens in four major geographic regions: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, New Territories East and West. In Southern, Kowloon City, Sha Tin, Yuen Long, Tsuen Wan and Kwai Tsing districts, a sharp peak in 2010 could be seen. In Kowloon City, for example, almost 70 institutional outbreaks had occurred in that year. In New Territories West, Tuen Mun and Yuen Long experienced more institutional outbreaks in 2006 and 2008, a pattern not identical with other districts in the same region. Overall, the temporal patterns of HFMD outbreaks vary by district and region.

Data were obtained from the Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Hong Kong.

在香港,每年都有院舍爆發手足口病。

香港分18個區議會選區。地圖上的顏色為每區手足口病院舍爆發次數佔全港總數的百分比,綠點則為區內所有院舍的數目。從圖中可見,自2005年1月至2011年12月,沙田區及九龍城區的院舍爆發次數明顯較其他地區高,而綜合可見,學校較多的地區相對亦有較多的手足口病院舍爆發。

圖中的四幅折線圖,分別代表了2005年至2011年,香港島﹑九龍﹑新界東、新界西四個香港地域幼兒中心及幼稚園的年度手足口病院舍爆發呈報次數。從圖中清晰可見,2010年為本港手足口病爆發的高峰期,當中港島南區﹑九龍城區﹑沙田區﹑元朗區﹑荃灣區及葵青區明顯比同地域其他地區嚴重,其中九龍城區更有接近70宗院舍爆發呈報。另外,各區爆發周期並不一樣,以新界西的屯門區及元朗區為例,兩者分別於2006年及2008年出現過比較大規模的手足口病爆發,情況和同一地域內的其他地區並不一致。總括而言,每地域或地區有其不同的爆發趨勢。

地圖數據源自衛生署衛生防護中心。